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|Convention on the Rights of the Child|
|Some important facts and dates |
The preamble & Articles 1-10 |
Articles 21-30 | Articles 31-41 | Articles 42-54 | Ratification
11. Illicit transfer and non-return
The State's obligation to try to prevent and remedy the kidnapping or retention of children abroad by a parent or third party.
12. The child's opinion
The child's right to express an opinion, and have that opinion taken into account, in any matter or procedure affecting the child.
13. Freedom of expression
The child's right to obtain and make known information, and to express his or her views, unless this would violate the rights of others.
14. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
The child's right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, subject to appropriate parental guidance and national law.
15. Freedom of association
The right of children to meet with others and to join or set up associations, unless the fact of doing so violates the rights of others.
16. Protection of privacy
The right to protection from interference with privacy, family, home and correspondence and from libel / slander.
17. Access to appropriate information
The role of the media in disseminating information to children that is consistent with moral well-being and knowledge and understanding among peoples, and respects the child's cultural background. The State is to take measures to encourage this and to protect children from harmful materials.
18. Parental responsibilities
The principle that both parents have joint primary responsibility for bringing up their children, and that the State should support them in this task.
19. Protection from abuse and neglect
The State's obligation to protect children from all forms of maltreatment perpetrated by parents or others responsible for their care, and to undertake preventive and treatment programs in this regard.
20. Protection of children without families
The State's obligation to provide special protection for children deprived of their family environment and to ensure that appropriate alternative family care or institutional placement is made available to them, taking into account the child's cultural background.