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|Convention on the Rights of the Child|
|Some important facts and dates |
The preamble & Articles 1-10 |
Articles 21-30 | Articles 31-41 | Articles 42-54 | Ratification
In countries where adoption is recognized and/or allowed, it shall only be carried out in the best interests of the child, with all necessary safeguards for a given child and authorization by the competent authorities.
22. Refugee children
Special protection to be granted to children who are refugees or seeking refugee status, and the State's obligation to cooperate with competent organizations providing such protection and assistance.
23. Handicapped children
The right of handicapped children to special care, education and training designed to help them to achieve greatest possible self-reliance and to lead a full and active life in society.
24. Health and health services
The right to the highest level of health possible and to access to health and medical services, with special emphasis on primary and preventive health care, public health education and the diminution of infant mortality. The State's obligation to work towards the abolition of harmful traditional practices. Emphasis is laid on the need for international cooperation to ensure this right.
25. Periodic review of placement
The right of children placed by the State for reasons of care, protection or treatment to have all aspects of that placement evaluated regularly.
26. Social security
The right of children to benefit from social security.
27. Standard of living
The right of children to benefit from an adequate standard of living, the primary responsibility of parents to provide this, and the State's duty to ensure that this responsibility is first fulfillable and then fulfilled, where necessary through the recovery of maintenance.
The child's right to education, and the State's duty to ensure that primary education at least is made free and compulsory. Administration of school discipline is to reflect the child's human dignity. Emphasis is laid on the need for international cooperation to ensure this right.
29. Aims of education
The State's recognition that education should be directed at developing the child's personality and talents, preparing the child for active life as an adult, fostering respect for basic human rights and developing respect for the child's own and national values and those of others.
30. Children of minorities or indigenous peoples
The right of children of minority communities and indigenous peoples to enjoy their own culture and to practice their own religion and language.